A Research Facility is required in order to be able to research new technologies, and unlock new components, structures, and upgrades. It can be upgraded with a module. The module has to be researched for being able to be built. The Research Module has the same stats as the Research Facility. The Research Module speeds up research and allows access to more advanced technology.
Research facility 's structure ID: A0ResearchFacility
Research module's structure ID: A0ResearchModule1